Career Outlook


Microbiology boasts some of the most illustrious names in the annals of science--Pasteur, Koch, Fleming, Leeuwenhoek, Lister, Jenner and Salk--and some of the greatest achievements for mankind.Within the 20th century, a third of all Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been bestowed upon microbiologists.

Microbiologists work in almost every industry?from food, agriculture and pollution control to biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and health. They also work in government agencies and labs, such as the National Institutes of Health, the Environmental Protection Agency, water treatment facilities, and hospitals. In addition, a microbiologist always has the option of building a career in education and research.


"Healthy Limits"

The US National Institutes of Health stipends are being used as de facto guidelines for postdoc salaries. But do institutions try to meet them? Karen Kreeger investigates. Full Text

"From MCB to Public Health"

Evelyn Tu graduated in May, spent July in Europe, and now has a challenging job working for the State. But don't be fooled. She's been preparing for this job since she was a sophomore.  Full Text

"Students Fuzzy About the Future"

Students at US graduate schools are happy to be doing PhDs and love their research, a new survey says. But they do not get enough teacher training or career advice, and their rapport with staff has room for improvement. Full Text

"Immune Response Looks Healthy"

Foundations and philanthropists are injecting new life into vaccine and drug development, especially for AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, says Diane Gershon. The health-research landscape ? and with it, careers in immunology ? is changing, thanks in part to hundreds of millions of dollars pledged by foundations and philanthropists to combat infectious diseases including AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria. Full Text

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